Non Nuoc Cao Bang UNESCO Global Geopark


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Non Nuoc Cao Bang UNESCO Global Geopark

Non Nuoc Cao Bang UNESCO Global Geopark has gradually become one of the most famous destinations in Vietnam. Many tourists come here to conquer dangerous roads, admire the landscape of the borderlands, and learn about typical features of unique heritage sites. And yet, Non Nuoc Cao Bang Geopark has many interesting things waiting for you to explore.

IMG Ban Gioc Waterfall 7

1. Where is Non Nuoc Cao Bang UNESCO Global Geopark?

Non Nuoc Cao Bang Geopark has an area of more than 3,275 km2 (accounting for nearly half of the area of Cao Bang province). Including 6 districts of Ha Quang, Tra Linh, Quang Uyen, Trung Khanh, Ha Lang, Phuc Hoa. And part of the area of 3 districts Hoa An, Nguyen Binh and Thach An of Cao Bang province, Vietnam.

2. How is Non Nuoc Cao Bang UNESCO Global Geopark unique?

Non Nuoc Cao Bang UNESCO Global Geopark is a testament to the complex geological development history spanning more than 500 million years in this land. This place has more than 200 caves and many famous domestic and international landscapes, landscapes, historical and cultural relics. On April 12, 2018, UNESCO officially recognized Non Nuoc Cao Bang Geopark as a Global Geopark.

This place has 130 unique geological heritage sites of international value, including 1 national conservation area. Especially 5 habitat conservation areas, 5 landscape protection areas and 2 biodiversity corridors. Beside many historical relics, tangible and intangible cultural heritage.

Furthermore, Non Nuoc Cao Bang Geopark has many famous landscapes. Such as Phia Oac and Phia Den ecotourism areas, Thang Hen lake complex, Nguom Ngao cave,… and especially Ban Gioc waterfall, once chosen by many international newspapers as one of the most beautiful waterfalls in the world.

In addition, this is also the home of 8 ethnic groups. Such as: Tay, Nung, H’Mong, Kinh, Dao, San Chay (Shan Chi), Hoa, Lo Lo. This place is also considered one of the earliest places inhabited by prehistoric people in Vietnam, and is the cradle of the Vietnamese revolution during the resistance war against the French colonialists. In addition, there are many cultural, historical, archaeological, biodiversity relics, and hundreds of other tangible and intangible cultural heritages.

IMG Nguom Ngao Cave 4

3. When is the best time to visit Non Nuoc Cao Bang UNESCO Global Geopark?

Cao Bang’s climate is divided into two distinct seasons. The rainy season lasts from May to August and the dry season lasts from September to April of the following year. People with experience traveling to Cao Bang affirm that each season, Cao Bang has its own beauty, every season is beautiful.

  • But the best time to admire the beauty of Cao Bang is August – September. At this time, the air is cool and the weather has little rain, which is very convenient for you to move and visit the wonderful landscapes of Cao Bang nature. The waterfalls (including Ban Gioc waterfall) are full at this time, giving you an opportunity to admire the majestic and extremely satisfying landscape.
  • If you want to see waterfalls pouring out white foam combined with ripe golden rice fields, you can go in late September or early October.
  • In November and December, fields of buckwheat flowers and wild quince flowers bloom and cover the mountains and forests, creating a beautiful landscape picture.
  • In late spring and early summer, the weather is neither too cold nor too hot. Traveling to Cao Bang at this time, you will see with your own eyes the apricot and plum forests laden with branches.
  • You can also go “snow hunting” in Cao Bang in winter. In Phia Oac forest, when the temperature drops, this frost phenomenon often occurs.

4. How to get to Non Nuoc Cao Bang UNESCO Global Geopark?

4.1 Traveling By Bus:

Non Nuoc Cao Bang UNESCO Global Geopark is located about 333 km from Hanoi capital, if you travel by car or bus, it takes about 7 hours to travel. Visitors can catch a bus from Hanoi to Cao Bang City at My Dinh bus station. The bus usually leaves around 8pm, so you can save time exploring and maintain your health.

4.2 Traveling By Motorcycles:

If you want to ride a motorbike to Non Nuoc Cao Bang UNESCO Global Geopark by yourself, you can follow National Highway 1A to Bac Giang Lang Son Highway. Then follow National Highway 4A to Dong Khe town, follow DT208 to Hoa Thuan town, turn left onto National Highway 3. From here, you go about 21.3km more then turn right to Dam Thuy to reach the waterfall. By motorbike, you can combine Ha Giang, Bac Kan or Lang Son to make the trip longer.

In addition, you can refer to some other routes below:

  • From National Highway 3 and National Highway 1B: Hanoi – Thai Nguyen – That Khe – Trung Khanh – Ban Gioc (distance about 330 km).
  • From National Highway 3: Hanoi – Thai Nguyen – Bac Kan – Cao Bang – Trung Khanh – Ban Gioc (distance about 360 km).

4.3 Traveling By Plane:

Tourists from the Central and Southern provinces of Vietnam can choose to fly to Hanoi by plane. This is the optimal choice because it saves a lot of time and health when traveling. After landing at Noi Bai airport – Hanoi, you can catch a bus to move back to Cao Bang using the means mentioned above.

5. Exploring the beauty of Non Nuoc Cao Bang UNESCO Global Geopark

Non Nuoc Cao Bang UNESCO Global Geopark is a rare land in Vietnam where visitors can learn about the history of the earth through traces. Fossils, marine sediments, volcanic rocks, minerals, etc., especially limestone landscapes, are wonderful testaments to the evolution and changes of the earth.

To date, scientists have discovered, evaluated and proposed ranking over 130 unique geological heritage sites with rich and diverse terrain types and limestone landscapes (such as stone towers, cones, valleys, caves, river and lake systems, underground caves…) reflect a complete cycle of karst evolution in the tropical region of Northern Vietnam.

In addition, there are many other types of geological heritage such as paleontological fossils, boundaries between geological units, faults, and types of minerals formed in this land.

This land has a rich culture and history with more than 215 ranked cultural and historical relics, including 3 special national relics, which are:

  • Pac Bo Special National Monument – where President Ho Chi Minh returned to the country in 1941 to lead the Vietnamese revolutionary movement after more than 30 years abroad.
  • Tran Hung Dao Forest Special National Relic Area – where in 1944 General Vo Nguyen Giap founded the Vietnam Liberation Army Propaganda Team, the predecessor of today’s Vietnam People’s Army.
  • Special national relic site, Border Victory Site in 1950. Along with many famous domestic and international landscapes such as: Pac Bo cave, Lenin stream, Ban Gioc waterfall, Nguom Ngao cave, Thang Hen lake , Phia Oac – Phia Den national park,…

6. Specialty dishes when traveling to Non Nuoc Cao Bang UNESCO Global Geopark

When traveling to Non Nuoc Cao Bang UNESCO Global Geopark, visitors will not only admire the breathtaking natural scenery. But you will also have the opportunity to enjoy the specialties of this beautiful land.

IMG Ant Egg Cake Cao Bang

6.1 Ant Egg Cake (Peng Ray)

This unique cake is a specialty of Cao Bang in April – May. Because at that time, wild black ants will grow very strongly, so the ant eggs are especially delicious and greasy.

The way to prepare Ant egg cake is also quite simple: after being cleaned, the ant eggs are fried with onions, a little minced pork, crushed peanuts, and chopped palanquin leaves to make the filling. The crust is made from upland sticky rice and wrapped with young leaves to always maintain its fragrant elasticity.

6.2 Cao Bang Rice Rolls

Unlike the way people in the lowlands eat Banh Cuon, which is to sprinkle fish sauce on the cake, in Cao Bang, people will enjoy this familiar dish with bone broth. The crust is thinly coated, but still very supple, fragrant with rice, rolled with a little minced meat inside and served with a cup of broth containing poached eggs, pork trotters, and coriander. When eating, you can add a little bit of soaked bamboo shoots to add to the unique flavor of this dish.

6.3 Banh Chao (Chao Cake)

Also known as duck and chao cake, this cake is often sold in the cold winter, specifically from November to February of the following year. The cake has a crispy fried sticky rice crust and the filling is made from richly seasoned duck meat. When serving to diners, the owner will cut the cake into small pieces and serve it with a cup of sweet and sour dipping sauce, soaked papaya and herbs.

6.4 Canarium Sticky Rice

You can easily find this sticky rice dish anywhere in Cao Bang during the Canarium season (around July – August every year). When enjoying, you will feel the fleshy taste of the canarium, combined with the sweet sticky rice and eat it forever without getting bored. More specifically, sticky rice with Canarium is even more classified as a delicacy when it was announced by the Vietnam Record Holders Association to be in the list of top 100 typical dishes and culinary specialties nationally.

6.5 Cao Bang Sour Pho

Sour pho is the next Cao Bang specialty that we want to introduce to you. Pho noodles are powered entirely by hand and through the fermentation process. They will have a sour taste and characteristic aroma.

Pho is poured into boiling water, then mixed dry with crispy fried pork or roasted duck, pork liver, mac mat leaves, sour bamboo shoots, peanuts, and sweet and sour fish sauce. This dish is greasy but not boring, the flavor is very harmonious. So if you have the opportunity to travel to Cao Bang and don’t know what to eat in the morning, stop by the sour pho restaurant to enjoy it.

6.6 Roast Duck With 7 Cao Bang Flavors

Roast duck is a dish that is familiar to many people. However, if you have the opportunity to come to Cao Bang, you will enjoy an extremely special dish, which is 7-flavored roasted duck. Even those with the most demanding tastes must praise this Cao Bang specialty.

Roasted duck with 7 flavors is a dish originating from the Tay people with a very elaborate preparation method. The flavor is a harmonious combination of fresh, well-cooked, still succulent duck meat with crispy skin coated with fragrant wild honey.

In the past, 7-flavored roasted duck was often cooked by people during major festivals, weddings, and worshiping ancestors… But now this dish has become more popular, becoming a familiar specialty. at many restaurants in Cao Bang.

6.7 Cao Bang Sausage Specialty

Pork ribs are quite similar to Southern sausages. However, the special thing is that Cao Bang rib sausage is made with wild boar and local pigs, so the flavor is more delicious. Besides, people here also have their own secret to smoking sausages to get the most rich and unique flavor. We marinate meat and pork intestines with ginger juice, cardamom, and magnolia leaves to make Cao Bang specialty sausage ribs. Then, we dry the meaty pork ribs on the stove for many days until they cook and gradually dry.

7. Accommodation when traveling to Non Nuoc Cao Bang UNESCO Global Geopark

When traveling to Non Nuoc Cao Bang UNESCO Global Geopark, visitors can stay overnight at accommodation establishments in Cao Bang city center. This creates favorable conditions for visitors to easily move between attractions and enjoy amenities at the accommodation. Furthermore, at each different destination, visitors can stay overnight at local homestays, allowing them to admire the beautiful natural landscape around them and experience the daily life of local people.

7.1 Hotels:

  • Long Lam Hotel. Address: 12 3/10 Street, Cao Bang City, Cao Bang.
  • Max Boutique Hotel. Address: 117 Vuon Cam, Hop Giang Ward, Cao Bang City, Cao Bang.
  • Jeanne Hotel. Address: 99, Kim Dong, Hop Giang Ward, Cao Bang City, Cao Bang.
  • Minh Hoang Hotel. Address: 98 Kim Dong, Hop Giang Ward, Cao Bang City, Cao Bang.
  • A Dong Cao Bang Hotel. Address: Ngoc Xuan, City. Cao Bang, Cao Bang.

7.2 Guesthouses:

  • Hoa Dai Guest House. Address: 90 Hoang Van Thu, City. Cao Bang, Cao Bang.
  • Hong Thu Guest House. Address: No. 205, Group 12, Hop Giang Ward (fortress slope), Cao Bang City, Cao Bang.
  • Thai Thu Guest House. Address: Old Highway 3, Song Hien Ward, Ward. Cao Bang, Cao Bang.
  • New Wind Motel. Address: 90A Group 4, Song Hien Ward, Cao Bang City, Cao Bang.
  • Minh Hanh Guesthouse. Address: Road 3-10, Song Bang Ward, Cao Bang City, Cao Bang.

7.3 Homestays:

  • Khuoi Ky Homestay. Address: Ban Gioc Waterfall, Dam Thuy, Trung Khanh, Cao Bang.
  • Mr. Kim’s Homestay. Address: Phia Thap Hamlet, Quoc Dan, Quang Uyen, Cao Bang.
  • Green Door Ban Gioc. Address: Po Tau intersection, Chi Vien, Trung Khanh, Cao Bang.
  • Homestay Pac Rang. Address: Pac Rang village, Phuc Sen commune, Quang Uyen, Cao Bang.
  • Primrose Homestay Cao Bang. Address: House number 18, Hong Viet, Hop Giang ward, Cao Bang city, Cao Bang.
  • Yen Nhi Homestay. Address: Ban Gioc Waterfall, Dam Thuy, Trung Khanh, Cao Bang.
  • Cao Bang Eco Homestay. Address: Block 6, Song Bang Ward, Cao Bang City, Cao Bang.

Visitors to Cao Bang will be able to fully explore the basic features of the Non Nuoc Cao Bang UNESCO Global Geopark and experience the indigenous culture. Besides the charming landscape of Ban Gioc waterfall, visitors can also visit traditional craft villages, folk festivals, as well as enjoy famous dishes of the Tay, Nung, Dao, San Chi,…Simple life , peace blending in the cloudy sky scenery will make visitors want to fall in love, slow down to enjoy the precious moments here.

If you are planning your tours in Vietnam plus Non Nuoc Cao Bang UNESCO Global Geopark, please immediately contact Origin Vietnam – Vietnam’s leading tour operator. We always accompany tourists on their journey to discover the travel spot of Cao Bang and commit to bringing you the most interesting experiences.

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