History of Imperial Citadel of Thang Long
In 1009, Ly Cong Uan went to the throne, founded the Ly dynasty. In the autumn of 1010, the king announced the capital city to move the capital from Hoa Lu to Dai La. Shortly after moving the capital, Ly Cong Uan has urgently built the Thang Long Citadel, early in 1011 is completed.
When built, the Thang Long Citadel was built in the form of three triangles including the outer ring called La Thanh or the citadel. Which surrounds the whole capital and encompasses the three rivers: the Red River, To Lich River and Kim Nguu River. Citadel is a place to live.
The second ring (in the middle) is the Imperial Citadel, the tide, the residence and work of the mandarins in the court. The smallest in the same is the Forbidden City. Where only for the king, queen and a few fine women. But under Tran Dynasty after the throne took over. The Thang Long Citadel and then continue repairing, building new works.
Especially to the Le Dynasty, the Imperial Citadel, as well as the Imperial City, was built, expanded further. In the period from 1516 to 1788 in the Mac and Le Trung Hung Dynasty. The Thang Long Citadel was devastated many times. In early 1789, King Quang Trung moved to Phu Xuan, Thang Long was only north.
In the Nguyen Dynasty, what remained of Imperial Citadel of Thang Long was in turn transferred to Phu Xuan (Hue) for the construction of the new capital city. Only Thien Hau Thien and Long Lua are kept as the palace for the Nguyen Kings at the price of North.
In 1805, King Gia Long destroyed the walls of the old citadel and built the Hanoi Citadel in the Vauban style of France on a much smaller scale. In 1831, during the major administrative reforms, King Minh Mang changed the name of Thang Long into Hanoi.
When the entire Indochina region was taken over, the French chose Hanoi as the capital of the French Indochina Federation and the Hanoi Citadel was demolished for the purpose of obtaining land for the work of the French army. Since 1954, when our troops took over the liberation of the capital. The area of Hanoi became the headquarters of the Ministry of Defense.
Thus the first value of the center of Thang Long Imperial Citadel – Hanoi is expressed in that it is almost a “set of living history” flowing throughout the entire history of more than 10 centuries of Thang Long – Hanoi. Since the Ly Dynasty pre-Thang Long to the present day.
How is the Imperial Citadel of Thang Long unique?
Thang Long Imperial Palace has undergone many changes. But the Forbidden City is almost unchanged. Only the inside architecture is over many times to build, repair. This feature explains why on the 18 Hoang Dieu Archaeological Site. Layers of architectural relics are overlapping each other through historical periods.
The relics are interconnected and interconnected, forming a complex but rich and attractive, clearly reflecting the relationship of urban planning and architectural space, also as a continuation of the dynasties in the history of the capital city of Thang Long.
That is the outstanding and unique value of the center of Thang Long Imperial Citadel – Hanoi. Here, Archaeologists have unearthed a large number of pottery and porcelain items used in the royal palace throughout the ages. These discoveries have actually opened a new door to the study of Thang Long pottery used in the Thang Long royal palace through dynasties. Special demonstrating the high level of economic development and literature. In addition, many bronzes, ceramics of China, Japan, West Asia … are found here is evidence that Thang Long is a cultural exchange center with countries in the region and receive the values of the essence of mankind.
On July 31, 2010, in the Brazilian capital of Brasilia. The World Heritage Committee of UNESCO has adopted a resolution recognizing the central relic of Thang Long – Hanoi as a world cultural heritage. Based on three outstanding criteria: It is a unique demonstration of the long-term cultural exchange. Which receives many cultural influences from the outside, many theories and ideas of the global value of the human civilization. Who create the uniqueness and creativity of a political, economic and cultural center of the country.
The only evidence of the long tradition of Vietnamese culture. in the Red River delta through historical periods. Directly related to many major historical events of the country in relation to the region and world. you if travel to Hanoi so visit this place is must on your list.
Need to know
- Opening Hours: Tuesday – Sunday 08:00 – 17:00
- Location: 9 Hoang Dieu, Dien Bien, Ba Dinh District, Hanoi
- Price Range: VND 30,000
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